Chinese Culture Index


The History of Mahjong game can only be traced back to the latter part of 1890 in the area of Ning Po (China). As the game spread through China different regions adopted the game, each with its own unique set of rules. 

Shortly after the First World War, an America resident in Shanghai, Joseph Babcock, published the game manual together with the suggestion of the British engineer named Walker to add Arabic numbers to the tiles/mahjong to distinguish each tile and make the game easier to play.

Mahjong Set

Consist of 144 titles in total plus a wind indicator and 3 dice.

3 suits (108 titles)

Number 1 to 9, 4 tiles each

Number 1 to 9, 4 tiles each

Number 1 to 9, 4 tiles each

4 Winds (16 titles)

East (E), South (S), West (W), North (N)
(4 tiles each)

3 Dragons (12 titles)

Red (C), Green (F), White (P)
(4 tiles each)

4 flowers (4 titles)

Plum (1), Orchid (2),
Chrysanthemum (3), Bamboo (4)
(one tile each)

4 seasons (4 titles)

Spring (1), Summer (2),
Autumn (3), Winter (4)
(one tile each)

The Wind Indicator plus 3 Dice

Happy Mahjonging

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